Ink and Brush Painting
10 Mar 2015 | From Pan of China
Chinese painting is one of the oldest continuous artistic traditions in the world. Painting in the traditional style is known today in Chinese as guóhuà, meaning 'national' or 'native painting', as opposed to Western styles of art which became popular in China in the 20th century. Traditional painting involves essentially the same techniques as calligraphy and is done with a brush dipped in black or colored ink; oils are not used. As with calligraphy, the most popular materials on which paintings are made are paper and silk. The finished work can be mounted on scrolls, such as hanging scrolls or hand scrolls. Traditional painting can also be done on album sheets, walls, lacquerware, folding screens, and other media.
Chinese ink and brush painting is defined by a number of different styles, techniques, and genres. The most common types of painting include calligraphy, bird-and-flower painting, ink-and-wash painting, and landscape painting. The most well known of these styles, and often considered synonymous with Chinese ink painting, is ink-and-wash. The different classifications of ink painting often overlap and borrow from one another, making a rigid taxonomy difficult and frequently irresolute, however, basic distinctions can be made based on their historical origins.