24 Nov 2014 | From Kate of Ethiopia
Gurage is a Zone in the Ethiopian Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR). This zone is named for the Gurage people, whose homeland lies in this zone. Its highest point is Mount Gurage. Welkite is the administrative center of the Zone; Butajira is the largest city in this zone. Other towns in Gurage include Endibir and Enseno.
The Gurage people are the fifth largets ethno-linguistic group in Ethiopia. They are an ethnic group in Ethiopia of the "Hamitic stock speaking Semitic language". The Gurage people traditionally inhabit a fertile, semi-mountainous region in southwest Ethiopia, about 125 kilometers southwest of Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital city. Gurage houses are famous for their neatness and symmetry, circular structures held together without the use of nails, wooden spokes protruding from a center pole to support the thatched roof.
They were originally from the Tigray region of Ethiopia as the descendants of military conquerors during the Aksumite empire. Gurage make up an estimated 1,867,377 people (or 2.53% of the total population of Ethiopia) according to the 2007 national census. This is 2.53% of the total population of Ethiopia, or 7.52% of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s Region (SNNPR).